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Physical Address:
644 Allentown Rd.
Franconia, PA  18969

Mailing Address:
644 Allentown Rd.
Telford, PA  18969

 

Sunday:

Sunday School - 9:30 a.m.

Morning Worship - 10:30 a.m.

Evening Worship - 6:00 p.m.

 

Wednesday:

Prayer Group - 7:30 p.m. (Church)

Prayer Group - 7:30 p.m. (Various)

Email: info@rbcfranconia.org

 

Please feel free to contact our pastors.
Pastor Boyd Personett: (610) 287-8082
Pastor Greg Hufstetler: (215) 257-4148
Pastor Fred Zaspel: (215) 368-0190
Or call our church at: (215) 723-5979


 


Studying the Old Testament


- What's it All About?

- What is the point?

- Is it Relevant today?


No Cost or Registration required and Continental breakfast Will Be Provided


COME AND LEARN WITH US!

Bible Survey 6 - The Old Testament Prophetic Books
The Prophetic BooksIsaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah,Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachiby Pastor Fred Overview In the Pentateuch the law of God is given. In the historical books we are shown Israel’s response to that law. The poetic books express the devotional impact of God’s law in the individual lives of his people. Now in the prophetic books we see again the response of the nation of Israel to God’s law.              “This is what the Lord says!” was the preface to the prophet’s message. The prophet was, as the title implies, a spokesman for God. He was God’s personal messenger. Israel was, properly, a theocracy — God was their king — and God would send his word to kings and people alike. In this sense, no one in the kingdom stood taller than the prophet. When he spoke all were responsible to listen. Whether his message was written or spoken verbally, he was God’s mouthpiece delivering God’s word to the people. Israel’s prophets would sometimes speak to other nations (Jonah, for example), and often they would prophesy concerning other nations. But the burden of their work was to speak for God to his own covenant-disobedient people Israel.             The prophet’s message from God might concern the future (prediction), or it might concern responsibility for the present. Or it might be a call to repentance or a word of comfort, promise, warning, judgment, or rebuke from the Lord. But in any case it was God’s word being spoken. This is the function of the Biblical prophets: they were spokesmen for God.  Classifications The writing (as contrasted with the non-writing) prophets of the Old Testament are most easily categorized as the “major” and the “minor” prophets, as in our English Bibles. These designations (major vs. minor) do not reflect the relative importance of the prophets but rather the comparative length of their writings.  


 

Major Prophets IsaiahJeremiah & LamentationsEzekielDaniel
Minor Prophets Hosea      Joel      Amos      ObadiahJonah      Micah      Nahum      HabakkukZephaniah      Haggai      Zechariah      Malachi


 

                 The prophets labored throughout the time of Israel’s monarchy, during the exile, and after the exile and return to their land. To keep this general chronology — and often the corresponding message — in mind, many have found it helpful to classify the prophets according to the time of their ministry. 


 

Preexilic Prophets Isaiah      Jeremiah      HoseaJoel      Amos      Obadiah      JonahMicah      Nahum      Habakkuk      Zephaniah
Exilic Prophets Lamentations (Jeremiah)EzekielDaniel
Postexilic Prophets HaggaiZechariahMalachi


 

 
History & Chronology 
Chronological Chart of the Prophets & Kings
Era / Date (B.C.)Prophetic BookKing(s)Kingdom
Pre-exilic   
  840-830ObadiahJehoram, Ahaziah, Athaliah, JoashJudah
  830-820JoelJoashJudah
  780-760JonahJeroboam IIIsrael
  755-750AmosJeroboam IIIsrael
  760-710HoseaJeroboam II, Zechariah, Shallum, Menahem, Pekahiah, Pekah, HosheaIsrael
  740-690IsaiahJotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, ManassehJudah
  735-700MicahJotham, Ahaz, HezekiahJudah
  650-620NahumManasseh, Amon, JosiahJudah
  630-620ZephaniahJosiahJudah
  620-605HabakkukJosiah, Jehoahaz, JehoiakimJudah
  625-585JeremiahJosiah, Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim, Jehoiachin, ZedekiahJudah 
Exilic   
  605-530DanielJehoiakimNebuchadnezzar, BelshazzarDarius, CyrusJudahBabylonPersia
  593-570EzekielZedekiahJudah
Post-Exilic   
  520Haggai Judah
  520-480Zechariah Judah
  430-420Malachi Judah
       
  
Prophetic Themes  


 

 
Themes of the OT Prophetic Books
BookTheme
IsaiahJudgment & Deliverance
JeremiahJudgment
LamentationsJudgment & Mourning
EzekielJudgment & Preservation
DanielGod’s Dominion
HoseaFaithfulness
JoelThe Day of the Lord
AmosJudgment & Blessing
ObadiahJudgment
JonahMercy
MicahWarning & Promise
NahumJudgment
HabakkukThe Ways of God
ZephaniahJudgment
HaggaiDoing the Work of the Lord
ZechariahThe Coming Messiah
MalachiApostasy
 


 

  ContributionThe prophets remind us in vivid terms that God is not a localized Israelite deity. He is the sovereign of the universe. All history — not just that of Israel — is His Story. His purpose will be carried out. He rules and has his way in heaven and in all the affairs of men and will lead all of history to his own appointed ends. Moreover, all the nations are accountable to him. Thus, God on occasion sent his prophets to foreign people to prophesy against them for their sin. They did not have his law given by Moses. But they did have God’s law written on their conscience (Rom. 2:14-15), and God speaks to them and brings judgment against them accordingly. God is to be feared by all, not in Israel alone.              Primarily the prophets ministered to the largely disobedient covenant people. Israel progressively ignored their covenant responsibilities, transgressed God’s law, and even turned to serve and worship other gods. This disobedience eventually led to the obliteration of Israel in the north and the exile to Babylon of Judah in the south. Within this context it is not surprising to find a heavy emphasis on warning, rebuke, judgment, and wrath. Israel was warned repeatedly of the consequences of her sin, just as the covenant had stipulated. And the judgment finally came, a foreshadowing of what must come to all who reject this God.             Interwoven throughout all this message of judgment, however, is the seemingly incompatible message of God’s love, grace, and promise of restoration and blessing. God’s promises would not fail. He will yet bless all nations through Abraham. David’s throne will be established. The old covenant has been violated, but God will establish a new covenant. God will send his messenger, his servant, his anointed. Indeed, God will himself come and establish his kingdom, a kingdom of peace and righteousness that will extend the world over. He will atone for Israel’s sin, forgive them, and restore them to fellowship with himself. He will destroy all his enemies, and all of his people — even those who have died — will be gathered to rest safely in his glorious presence. All of this God will do not because his people have in any way earned or deserved his favor but because in grace he promised it. These many themes of salvation and blessing converge of course on Jesus Christ who came and will come again to bring God’s purpose to final fulfillment. “To him all the prophets bear witness” (Acts 10:43). He is the “Yes! and Amen!” to all God’s promises (2 Cor. 1:20).